Aerospace operates in a very regulatory environment and for obvious reasons the safety and quality of our aircraft are of paramount importance to us. Because we take safety so seriously, millions of people each year can fly on an Airbus plane in full confidence that it has been put together and maintained properly and will get them to their destination.
We in Airbus operate globally and, as a global company, we know that learning, skills and qualifications awarded in the UK are well recognised as being a good indicator of capability and competency in other countries.It’s important that in looking to refresh and improve the current approach to education and learning, we do not lose sight of the needs of employers, who ultimately have to be confident in the quality of the end product so that they can be certain those they recruit will meet their standards.
To mark the Year of Engineering we have a guest blog from our Chair, Dame Judith Hackitt. In this Q&A inteview Dame Judith explains why she chose engineering as a career route and what her Year of Engineering plans are.
Q: What inspired you to become an engineer?
A: A love of science! Wanting to use science to find practical solutions and applying science in the real world.
I always knew in school that I really enjoyed science and that was going to be part of my life. Initially I thought I would become a teacher. I was interested in wanting to know how to explain things, especially why science was so important to the world. I always wanted to help inspire others to like science as much as I did. I decided to study engineering at university, and having done my engineering degree and going out to work in industry I enjoyed it so much that I gave up on becoming a teacher. And I've loved it, absolutely loved it!
Q: Describe engineering in 3 words?
A: Problem-solving, creative and teamwork
The future of engineering is digital. As the Made Smarter Review published last year makes clear, UK engineering is going to need a major influx of digital skills to meet employer need in the coming year. The Review offers a roadmap to a million workers in industry being upskilled so that digital technologies can be effectively embedded, making UK engineering a more productive and more prosperous sector.
Cyber security, AI and machine learning, the IoT and data analytics, additive manufacturing, and robotics and automation are identified in the course of the review as being areas of high priority. (On the latter, Semta’s sister organisation EAL has just launched the UK’s first Level 3 robotics and automation qualification.)
Guest blog by Ryan Carey, Project Management Degree Apprentice, BAE Systems
At school we were just given two bits of advice. One, get a career. Two, go to university. There was little else outside the university route, so it was difficult to figure out just what to do next on your own. Think back to when you were a teenager. Did you know, for sure, what you wanted to do when you left school? Did you have a clear sense of what the working world was like, and what employers were going to want from you?
We could do so much better to inform future students about apprenticeships. I had no advice about apprenticeships, so learning about them wasn't easy at first. But fortunately, there's so much fantastic information online now – if you're motivated, you can unearth all sorts of opportunities. I had that motivation, so I found it. For those who could benefit from a little guidance and a little support, apprenticeships are still too often hidden in plain sight. The latest Industry Apprentice Council report finds that just 22% of apprentices rate the careers advice they received at school or college as 'good' or 'very good', and just 21% were told about apprenticeships. I'm hoping the government's new Careers Strategy will lead to future students making more informed initial career decisions and further improvements to these statistics, because there must be so many more young people out there who could benefit from an apprenticeship.
In the end, the Chancellor didn’t have any major surprises in store on skills – but then, given the Industrial Strategy will be launching on Monday and has skills as one of its major strands, perhaps we shouldn’t have been expecting any.
That there were no major surprises doesn’t mean that this Budget doesn’t contain a number of welcome announcements from an engineering skills perspective, though. From the apprenticeship levy to T-Levels, from maths teaching to digital skills, there are a number of new announcements which don’t radically reset the government’s approach to skills but which will help to smooth out their implementation. Given that many of the concerns raised by employers in our sector have been about the ways in which policies are being implemented, rather than the general aims and ethos of those policies, this is all to the good.
Take it from me – large engineering employers like Airbus want to do their bit to help the wider sector to meet its skills needs. Most of the engineering workforce is actually with small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) and micro-sized companies – so if we’re going to solve the skills challenges we have, we need to have solutions in place which work for those companies as well as those like Airbus. The apprenticeship levy offers a great opportunity to do just that.
The engineering sector as a whole can, and must, meet our skills needs, because our contribution to UK GDP is going to be needed in future by a globally trading Britain which faces stiff competition from overseas. Half of the workforce is set to reach retirement age by the middle of next decade, but we need those who remain to be fully competent in the processes and techniques that the engineering workplace of the future will demand they perform.
Our business, JJ Churchill, would not be the success it is without our apprentices. The majority of our 129 employees were apprentices and we recruit apprentices most years.
What I find hard to understand is why other small and medium-sized businesses don't do the same. Could the levy be the game changer in this?
Here I argue why apprenticeships are one of the best investments an engineering business will ever make – and why we should all be using this fantastic recruitment and training route. And if you are a levy payer, why you would be mad not to.
We're all aware of the skills gap in the engineering industry, and know that women play a key role in solving it.
But here's the thing: We cannot tackle the gender gap in engineering if we don't build a more inclusive and diverse apprenticeship system. While the proportion of engineering degrees taken up by women is low at 16%, it's still comfortably higher than the 3% of engineering apprenticeships which are started by women.
The new Industry Apprentice Council report breaks down the findings from our survey of 1,200 apprentices by gender, and in doing so exposes some worrying divisions. For example, 30% of female respondents to the survey said they were discouraged from taking up an apprenticeship place, compared with just 17% of males who responded.
I experienced this lack of careers advice when I left sixth form just over two years ago. I was discouraged from an apprenticeship by my school and told that it was for "low skilled people". However, I was a strong-willed teenager, so I applied for it anyway.
So once again it’s A-Level results day, when hundreds of thousands of young people across the UK wake up with a mixture of nervousness and excitement (often the former rather more than the latter!) to find out what grades they have achieved – and to take the next step on their career path, whether that means an apprenticeship, further education or university. (All great choices and all of them great starting points for an engineering career!)
The media has, of course, obsessed and pored over these results all day and will I’m sure continue to do so. The reforms in England, with AS Levels no longer counting towards the value of a full A Level and with the focus shifted towards exams at the end of the second year of study, means that we can expect nuances and differences compared with previous years to be analysed and used to challenge the government. And while I am using this blog piece to do something similar with the Physics and Engineering results, I believe it’s really important to first say a couple of things about today.
Guest Blog by Dame Judith Hackitt - Semta Chair
Although my own children left school more than 10 years ago, at this time of year I always think back to that stressful time for them, and for us as parents, when we were waiting with bated breath for their GCSE/ A level results. Everything seemed to hinge on the outcome – getting the right grades in the right subjects to do the A-Levels they wanted to do, then getting A-Level grades that far exceeded what I was expected to achieve 30 years earlier to get into the university of their choice. Nowadays it is our friends’ and neighbours’ children who are anxiously awaiting those outcomes.
Many things have changed in the intervening period of time – tuition fees, student loans, more universities and colleges to choose from, more courses and a renaissance in apprenticeships, to name but a few. While the choice of courses is ever greater, some of the barriers and obstacles to university are undoubtedly greater – the introduction of university tuition fees and facing the prospect on graduation of a sizeable student loan to be paid off over a large period in one’s working life being the obvious examples.
Guest Blog by Dame Judith Hackitt - Semta Chair
For as long as I have been an engineer, there has been much debate and discussion about who engineers are and how we describe what we do. I recall that, back in the 1970 and 1980s, much centred around a sense of disparity between the way engineers are perceived here in the UK and the recognition and respect that they command elsewhere in the world simply by being called “engineer” – and, of course, between the corresponding levels of remuneration.
More recently, that lack of public understanding about who we are and what we do has been focussed on wrestling with the issue of a lack of supply of engineers to address the massive skills shortage in UK industry now – a gap which is projected to get worse in the future unless we change that perception.
We are all concerned about the problem and we all want to do something to try to fix it. Therein lies part of the problem – as I’ve said in previous blog pieces, there are simply too many initiatives, far too many. Despite starting out with the very best of intentions, what we in the sector have created does not provide a clear way for those on the receiving end to discern which bits to take up and how to find out more about this thing called “engineering”.
Despite all of the political upheaval this year, with the general election and the Brexit negotiations to contend with, apprenticeships remain a key policy priority of the government and the ambition to create 3 million of them by 2020 remains in place.
I’ve outlined the concerns that engineering employers have previously, but in building a new apprenticeships system it’s even more important that we listen to apprentices themselves. If we don’t make the apprentice experience a good one and we don’t give apprenticeships the status and prestige they deserve, we won’t get enough young people to pursue them.
I have always struggled to understand why the press take such a negative view on so many topics but other people keep telling me that’s what sells newspapers. That may be the case, but when it comes to scare stories about new technology it does other things too. I have lost count of the number of stories I’ve read about the threats posed by robots and digital technologies and how they will put us all out of jobs soon.
So it was an absolute delight to listen to a radio programme on BBC World recently, part of its “The Engineers” series entitled “The Rise of the Robots”. Four eminent roboticists spoke eloquently and enthusiastically about the great opportunities which lie ahead and how robots will impact upon all of our lives – for the better.
This time last year, my rallying cry was to “keep up this momentum so that, in a year's time, we have even more women in engineering to celebrate”. It is, once again, International Women in Engineering Day today – and although we remain stuck at just nine per cent of the sector’s workforce being female, there is nonetheless reason to remain upbeat and hopeful.
We all, as a sector, know we need to boost the numbers of women in engineering if we’re to beat the upcoming skills crisis. We cannot hope to draw the estimated 1.8 million new entrants to the sector from an exclusively male talent pool, and nor should we want to do so either, as to do so would be to miss out on not just the talent of the women who could go on to become great engineers, but also their perspectives on the sector.
Guest Blog by Dame Judith Hackitt - Semta Chair
In my first blog piece as Semta Chair, I wrote about the need for advanced manufacturing and engineering organisations to work together before creating yet more initiatives designed to solve the skills gap. We have a great opportunity right now to inspire a new generation of engineers, using technological change and the potential to solve the world’s big challenges as our hook – but we need to be sure that our sector is giving consistent and clear messages to people about what modern engineering is and why it’s the place for them to build an exciting career.
Guest Blog by Stew Edmondson, CEO of UK Electronics Skills Foundation
In the UK, the Electronics sector is big, valuable and growing; however, the demand for employable graduates is currently outstripping supply. The UKESF operates collaboratively with major companies, leading universities and other organisations to tackle this skills shortage.
The State of Engineering 2017 report from Engineering UK once again highlighted that while engineering makes a significant contribution to our economy in the UK, there is a significant skills shortage. It is estimated that the shortfall of graduates in engineering is over 40,000. Put simply, based on the current estimates, the UK cannot meet the forecasted demand for skilled engineers and technicians in the future. We know that this is especially true in the Electronics sector.
Guest Blog by Dame Judith Hackitt - Semta Chair
This is a great time to take up the reins at Semta as the new Chair. UK advanced manufacturing and engineering is a highly-skilled, high-value sector, one with a rich and proud heritage and a bright future. We have a great opportunity now to take a global lead in new technologies and build upon the solid foundation that we have – and as the skills champion for the sector, Semta stands ready to play a leading role in making it happen.
We have a really good story to tell as a sector and we have so much to offer potential recruits – good pay, career stability, interesting and exciting work, and the opportunity to change the world for the better. We have a generation of young people coming through the education system now who are so innovative and creative, and engineering would seem to be the perfect fit for so many of these young people. And yet we have a continued mismatch of skills and aspiration that the education and training systems deliver and those that employers require. The sector has a huge amount of opportunity to offer but we need many more school leavers to follow the apprenticeship route alongside an integrated and long term approach to skills – both vocational and technical – which has so far eluded, or been resisted by, the UK system.
A few weeks ago, when the general election was announced by the Prime Minister, I made a simple plea to the political parties – to resist the temptation to use skills as a political football, to finish what we’ve started, and to give the new system time to bed in.
Pleasingly, it seems from the parties’ election manifestos that this call – not just from Semta, but from industry and from other stakeholders in the skills arena – has been heeded. Neither of the two parties that could conceivably form a government, Labour and the Conservatives, is proposing to rip it all up and start again. Instead, each accepts the principles of employer ownership of standards and employer direction of funding, and each has proposed a few tweaks to help the new system to operate more smoothly.
Guest Blog from Phil Smith, Chairman of Cisco UK and Ireland
In an increasingly digital world, do you really understand what skills we’re going to need in five to ten years’ time? Do you think we’re set up to have them in place? Do you think that as a community and government, we could be doing more to prepare for the changes ahead? If your answer is “yes”, then keep reading and find out how you can have your say.
I’m convinced that the UK has a huge opportunity to get ahead competitively and become the world’s leading advanced manufacturing economy - if we fully embrace new digital technologies. We’re already leading in many technologies of the future - AI, robotics and machine learning and other industry 4.0/4IR developments – and on top of that, our country has a strong foundation in science and innovation. Digitalisation could hold the key to helping solve the UK’s productivity problem – where today we’re 16% less productive than the average G7 country.
So there we have it – the Prime Minister has made her announcement and we’re going to the polls on June 8th for a snap election. But the political uncertainty and speculation that the announcement has unleashed must not be allowed to bleed through to uncertainty and instability in skills policy – because we’ve come such a long way in the last couple of years and now stand on the threshold of, for the first time in a long time, a stable skills system.
The announcement came on the same day as the Institute for Apprenticeships held its formal launch event – but although it may arguably be just as crucial to the long-term direction of our economy and our skills base, that launch was completely overshadowed in the news. I hope that as government begins to wind down and politicians go into campaigning mode, the Institute will be working flat out to ready itself to work under whichever government is returned on June 8th.